The 7th Louisiana Volunteer Infantry, sometimes called the Pelican Regiment, was organized in May,
1861. Although composed mainly of laborers, clerks, and farmers from New Orleans, Baton Rouge,
Donaldsonville, and Livingston, Louisiana, these men would later perform so well that Gen. Richard
Taylor would refer to them as a "crack regiment." Muster roll records show that, though the ten
companies were raised in and around New Orleans, only 373 men were native to Louisiana. An
additional 331 men were born in Ireland along with 179 hailing from other states. There were also 50
Germans, 24 Englishman, and others including Canadians, French, Swiss, Scots, and Swedes.
The unit was mustered into Confederate service, for the duration of the war, at Camp Moore,
Taugipahoa, Louisiana, on June 7, 1861. Later that month the 7th, numbering more than 850 men, was
ordered to Virginia where it was brigaded, along with the 7th Virginia, Colonel Kemper and the 7th
Mississippi, Colonel Humphreys, under Gen. Jubal Early. On July 17, 1861 the 7th was engaged in the
skirmish at Blackburn's Ford with a loss of 9 killed and 15 wounded. Several days later the regiment
fought at First Manassas.
Under the command of Col. Harry T. Hays, the 7th would play a prominent part in Jackson's Valley
Campaign as part of Gen.Richard Taylor's famed Louisiana (Tigers) Brigade. Later the unit would
serve from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor, fight in Jubal Early's 1864 excursion to the
Shenandoah Valley, and join in the retreat to Appomattox. After Col. Hays' promotion to Brig. Gen. the
regiment came under the command of Col. Davidson Penn. Other field officers included Lt. Cols.
Charles DeChoiseul and Thomas Terry, and Major J. Moore Wilson.
The 7th lost 132 men at Cross Keys and Port Republic in the spring of 1862. Later it would lose 68
during Seven Days and 69 during the Maryland Campaign. At Chancellorsville 80 were killed or
wounded and 24 were casualties at Second Winchester. Of the 235 engaged at Gettysburg 24% were
lost. In November, 1863, at Rappahannock Station 180 were captured.
Total casualties during the war were, from a total roll of 1,077 men; 190 killed , 68 died of disease, 2
died in an accident, and 1 murdered. About 53 deserted. When surrendered at Appomattox, the 7th
numbered 42 men and no officers.
A Soldier's Gear
M1853 Enfield Rifle Musket or
M1861 Springfield Rifle Musket .
Brogans (soldier footwear).
Cartridge Box with Shoulder Strap.
Waist Belt and Cap Box with
appropriate belt plate.
Bayonet and Scabbard.
Canteen (usually US smooth).
Haversack (tarred canvas or cloth).
Kepi/Slouch Hat (no insignia).
Shell Jacket (butternut color, jean
cloth, Columbus Depot style).
Trousers (butternut color, jean
Backpack (soft pack).
Socks, wool or cotton(white only).
Blouse , 4 button, (period style
Tin Cup standard issue.
156th New York Volunteer Infantry
Often units are required to glavanize to equalize
forces at an event. When we do, our Unit designation
is Co K, 156th New York Volunteer Infantry, the
Mountain Regiment. This unit recruited in northern
New York State, was heavily involved at the battle and
siege of Port Hudson.
Camp and Garrison Rations
12 ounces of pork or bacon, or 1
pound and 4 ounces of salt or fresh
1 pound ad 6 ounces of soft bread or
flour, or 1 pound of hard bread
(hardtack) of 1 pound and 4 ounces
of corn meal.
To every 100 rations:
15 pounds of beans or peas, and 10
pounds of rice or hominy. 10 pounds of
green coffee, or 8 pounds of roastred
(or roasted and ground) coffee, or 1
pound and 8 ounces of tea.
15 pounds of sugar, 4 quarts of vinegar,
1 pound and 4 ounces of adamantine, or
4 pounds of soap
3 pounds and 12 ounces of salt.
4 ounes of pepper.
30 pounds of potatoes, when practical
and 1 quart of molasses.
Meat and Bread: same as above
Coffee, Sugar, and Salt, same as above.
The Union Army later added: "Desecated
(dehydrated) compressed potatoes, or
dessicated or compressed mixed vegetables,
at the rate of 1 ounce and 1/2 of the
former, and 1 ounce of the latter to the
ration, may be substituted for beans, peas,
rice, hominy, or fresh potatoes."