A Soldier's Gear
*M1853 Enfield Rifle Musket or
M1861 Springfield Rifle Musket
*Bayonet and Scabbard
*Brogans (soldier footwear)
*Haversack (tarred canvas or cloth)
*Kepi/Slouch Hat (no insignia)
*Shell Jacket (butternut color, jean cloth, Columbus Depot style)
*Trousers (butternut color, jean wool)
*Socks, wool or cotton(white only)
*Blouse , 4 button, (period style only)
*Cartridge Box with Shoulder Strap
*Waist Belt and Cap Box with appropriate Belt Plate
*Canteen (usually US smooth)
*Backpack (soft pack)
*Tin Cup, standard issue
Camp and Garrison Rations
12 ounces of pork or bacon, or 1 pound and 4 ounces of salt or fresh beef.
1 pound-6 ounces of soft bread or flour
1 pound of hard bread (hardtack)
1 pound-4 ounces of corn meal
To every 100 rations
15 pounds of beans or peas
10 pounds of rice or hominy
10 pounds of green coffee or 8 pounds of roasted (or roasted and ground) coffee
1 pound and 8 ounces of tea
15 pounds of sugar
4 quarts of vinegar
1 pound-4 ounces of adamantine or star candies
4 pounds of soap
3 pounds and 12 ounces of salt
4 ounes of pepper
30 pounds of potatoes, when practical
1 quart of molasses.
Meat and Bread
same as above
Coffee, Sugar, and Salt
same as above
The Union Army later added: "Desecated (dehydrated) compressed potatoes, or dessicated or compressed mixed vegetables, at the rate of 1 ounce and 1/2 of the former, and 1 ounce of the latter to the ration, may be substituted for beans, peas, rice, hominy, or fresh potatoes."
The 7th Louisiana Volunteer Infantry, sometimes called the Pelican Regiment, was organized in May, 1861. Although composed mainly of laborers, clerks, and farmers from New Orleans, Baton Rouge, Donaldsonville, and Livingston, Louisiana, these men would later perform so well that Gen. Richard Taylor would refer to them as a "crack regiment." Muster roll records show that, though the ten companies were raised in and around New Orleans, only 373 men were native to Louisiana. An additional 331 men were born in Ireland along with 179 hailing from other states. There were also 50 Germans, 24 Englishman, and others including Canadians, French, Swiss, Scots, and Swedes.
The unit was mustered into Confederate service, for the duration of the war, at Camp Moore, Taugipahoa, Louisiana, on June 7, 1861. Later that month the 7th, numbering more than 850 men, was ordered to Virginia where it was brigaded, along with the 7th Virginia, Colonel Kemper and the 7th Mississippi, Colonel Humphreys, under Gen. Jubal Early. On July 17, 1861 the 7th was engaged in the skirmish at Blackburn's Ford with a loss of 9 killed and 15 wounded. Several days later the regiment fought at First Manassas.
Under the command of Col. Harry T. Hays, the 7th would play a prominent part in Jackson's Valley Campaign as part of Gen.Richard Taylor's famed Louisiana (Tigers) Brigade. Later the unit would serve from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor, fight in Jubal Early's 1864 excursion to the Shenandoah Valley, and join in the retreat to Appomattox. After Col. Hays' promotion to Brig. Gen. the regiment came under the command of Col. Davidson Penn. Other field officers included Lt. Cols. Charles DeChoiseul and Thomas Terry, and Major J. Moore Wilson.
The 7th lost 132 men at Cross Keys and Port Republic in the spring of 1862. Later it would lose 68 during Seven Days and 69 during the Maryland Campaign. At Chancellorsville 80 were killed or wounded and 24 were casualties at Second Winchester. Of the 235 engaged at Gettysburg 24% were lost. In November, 1863, at Rappahannock Station 180 were captured.
Total casualties during the war were, from a total roll of 1,077 men; 190 killed , 68 died of disease, 2 died in an accident, and 1 murdered. About 53 deserted. When surrendered at Appomattox, the 7th numbered 42 men and no officers.
Often units are required to glavanize to equalize forces at an event. When we do, our Unit designation is Co K, 156th New York Volunteer Infantry, the Mountain Regiment. This unit recruited in northern New York State, was heavily involved at the battle and siege of Port Hudson.